Types of foundations generally used in buildings are isolated footings, combined footing, raft or mat foundations, strip foundation, pile and drilled shafts.
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Compressive strength of concrete cube test provides an idea about all the characteristics of concrete. Cube test results judges proper concreting at site.
Heavy construction equipment are used for various purposes in large projects. Selection of different types of heavy equipment depends on the size of the work and economy of the project. These make construction process easier and faster. Types of Heavy Construction ...
Methods of Rainwater Harvesting -Broadly there are two ways of harvesting rainwater such as surface runoff harvesting and rooftop rainwater harvesting.
Quantities of materials for concrete such as cement, sand and aggregates for production of required quantity of concrete of given mix proportions such as 1:2:4 (M15), 1:1.5: 3 (M20), 1:1:2 (M25) can be calculated by absolute volume method. This method ...
The types of loads acting on structures for buildings and other structures can be broadly classified as vertical loads, horizontal loads and longitudinal loads.
Knowledge of standard size of rooms and their location in a residential building is important for planning of residential construction project. The room sizes and their location provides spaces for movement, sunlight and wind for residents.
Concrete mix design is required to achieve target strength in structures. Concrete Mix design calculation of M20, M25, M30 grade of concrete are explained with example.
To study the workability (determine the consistency) of prepared concrete either in the laboratory or laboratory or during the progress of work in the field and to check the uniformity of concrete from batch to batch.
The initial setting time of concrete is the time when cement paste starts hardening while the final setting time is the time when cement paste has hardened sufficiently in such a way that a 1 mm needle makes an impression ...